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Crochet Terms & Abbreviations

There are many crochet terms, and even I sometimes get them a little mixed up occasionally. To make matters worse, there are crochet abbreviations for those crochet terms and quite a few of them look extremely similar to each other.


Crochet abbreviations are easy ways for crochet pattern writers to simplify their patterns. Think of it as a crochet shorthand of sorts. Many crochet designers, publishers, and crochet companies will use abbreviations when referring to crochet stitches in their project patterns.


I use these crochet stitch abbreviations in almost all of my blog posts, patterns, and reference guides. So not only is it important to have an understanding of these crochet terms for reading and working my patterns (😉), but it's also important to learn these crochet abbreviations to be able to read any future crochet patterns you may come across with ease.



Complete List of Crochet Terms and Abbreviations


Crochet Abbreviations for Crochet Actions & Common Terms


Crochet patterns don't only have abbreviations for crochet stitches, but also for crochet actions and common terms. The following table lists crochet abbreviations for crochet actions and common crochet words and terms found in crochet patterns.

Crochet Abbreviation

Crochet Term

alt

alternate

approx

approximately

beg

begin or beginning

bet

between

BL or BLO

Back Loop or Back Loop Only

BP

Back Post

CA

Color A

CB

Color B

CC

Contrasting Color

con or cont

continue

dec

decrease

FL or FLO

Front Loop or Front Loop Only

foll

Following

FP

Front Post

hk

hook

inc

increase

lp

loop

m

marker

MC

Main Color

mm(s)

millimeter(s)

patt

pattern

pm

place marker

prev

previous

rem

remaining

rep

repeat

rnd(s)

round(s)

RS

Right Side

sk

skip

sm/sl m

slip marker or stitch marker

sp

space

st(s)

stitch(es)

TBL

Through Back Loop

tch or t-ch

turning chain

TFL

Through Front Loop

tog

together

WS

Wrong Side

yo

yarn over



Crochet Symbols for Repetition


Oftentimes to simplify a crochet pattern the pattern designer will also use shorthand for repetition of a certain section of the pattern instead of writing it over and over (which can get to be pretty confusing for the reader).


The crochet symbols below are important to know when reading crochet patterns so that you can quickly recognize when something is about to be repeated.

Crochet Abbreviation

Crochet Description

*

Repeat the instructions after the asterisk or between asterisks as instructed in the pattern

**

Repeat the instructions between a double set of asterisks as instructed at specified location(s)

{ }

Work the instructions within the curly brackets as many times as directed

[ ]

Work the instructions within the square brackets as many times as directed, or this is also used to show a repeat inside of another repeat

( )

Work the instructions within the parentheses as many times as directed, or this is also used to show that you will be working a group of stitches into the same stitch or space


Crochet Abbreviations for Common Crochet Stitches


These are the crochet abbreviations for the most common crochet stitches. All of the abbreviations below are written in US standard terms.

Crochet Abbreviation

Crochet Term

ch

chain stitch

ch-

refer to chain or ch-sp previously made